The problem of adapting of the educational activities of religious organizations to the existing system of education in Russia is an important issue. The problem is investigated on the basis of the postsecular philosophy. The article analyzes the problem and describes the adaptive mechanisms for resolving the controversial moments in educational sphere. The analysis includes certain models of adapting the educational activities of the Russian Orthodox Church in order to integrate it into the existing system of education in Russia.
The article is devoted to the problem of determination of the specifics of social and philosophical knowledge in comparison with sociology. Despite their genetic relationship and substantial similarity they have essential differences. For a philosopher the initial object of critical analysis is not a society itself, but the way of its description, while for a sociologist the main objective is to create a descriptive model of the social phenomena. The mentioned above distinctions don't cancel the possibility of effective synthesis of the approaches developed both within the frames of sociology, and social philosophy.
The Internet allows a huge number of people, including those living abroad to feel like a single community. Internet-based technologies represent a new social capital of migrants that has not existed before. Obvious aspect of computer-mediated communication (CMC) is that it goes beyond time and space. Virtual communities have the potential not only to bind the individuals, but also to unite them, creating an emotional connection. Internet-based technologies increase quantitative and qualitative indicators of communication, supplementing already existing structure of interaction, acting sometimes as a factor initiating the subsequent interaction in reality. A research devoted to the process of communication among migrants (including CMC), deserves special attention, since migration is global in nature and has increasing rates. We can select 4 categories of using Internet-based technologies: search tools, e-mails, forums and chats. Using Internet-based technologies may vary depending on the stage of migration, which can be divided into three: pre-migrant, post-migrant and settled migrant. CMC is used by migrants to build new relationships, maintain existing and restore the lost ones. Internet-based technologies almost allow migrants to be in a different reality. Sometimes the frequency and activity of virtual contacts making them for the individual much more real than those that do not take place "online". Internet-based technologies are an important resource in the field of communication of individuals and provide them with plenty of opportunities previously unavailable. Reality mediated by the internet-based technologies transforms, slowly becomes a new previously non-existed reality.
The paper aims to give an interpretation of the rejection of master-theory in the feminist epistemology within the contemporary pragmatism context. Within the feminist field, the rejection is guided by the fundamental “instability of the analytical categories of feminist theory”, which is itself the consequence of an attempt to copy the androcentric way to make feminist theory (S. Harding). The interpretation of the rejection within the contemporary pragmatism field gives a possibility to represent the “instability” not as the consequence of the relativization of the discourse within the feminist epistemology, but as the consequence of the pragmatic interpretation of the theory “as an instrument”, representing a complex social phenomenon.
The article discusses the "lingua-cultural type" - a fairly new concept used in research conducted at the intersection of cognitive linguistics and cultural linguistics. The study of this phenomenon makes it possible to approach the understanding of the national language picture of the world and all its components. In the article the author presents the lingua-cultural description of "a bohemian man" concept, which has a number of characteristics and distinctive features, taking into consideration the Russian world view. In order to get the most complete understanding of the lingua-cultural type of "a bohemian man" in the perceptions of Russian speakers, the author conducted the following experiment: she studied the perceptual and value characteristics of “a bohemian man” image from the point of view of people of different ages, education levels and occupations.
In the article the author attempts to describe the phenomenon of the hidden meaning of advertisement as the object of understanding, special attention is paid to cognitive and information aspects. The author treats the term ‘implicitness’ as components that are not explicated in the external structure of the advertised message, but they embody the inner essence of the advertised message. The author identifies the components of implicit information comprising the advertised message: presupposition and implication. It was concluded that the hidden meaning of the advertisement may be goal-oriented (when it was purposefully generated by the subject of the advertising) and spontaneous (when it occurs independently of the will and desire of the subject of promotional activities, including the effect of associated and inducible images, which emergence in the minds of consumers has been unplanned). Another important feature of the advertised message, in addition to having a hidden meaning, is its repetitiveness. These features contribute to the fact that the recipient in the process of perception and decoding of the advertised message will generate new meanings because of the subjectivity of perception. In other words, due to the combination of these properties, it becomes possible to realize the full potential, concluded in advertising communication.
ECONOMIC THINKING OF I.T. POSOSHKOV AS A PRIMARY FORM OF ECONOMIC REFLECTION IN RUSSIA OF THE XVIII-TH CENTURYIvan Kokovin
The author analyses the tendencies of the discipline formation such as philosophy of economy. The author hypothesizes that it was impossible to form autonomous philosophical-economic knowledge in Russia of the 18-th century. The prerequisites of philosophical and economic trends in Russia were investigated in the article as well as the history of scientific rational thinking formation within the framework of religiously-utopian discourse in the 18-th century Russia. According to the basic thesis of the article the philosophical-economic discourse could not be formed in Russia of the 18-th century because of the absence of cultural pre-conditions. The economic aspect was included into the religiously-utopian context, the author states the fact, that cultural space was not prepared to accept the economic ideas and concepts. Nevertheless, there was a need in scientific economic thinking able to specify the way of modernization of economy inspired by historical transformations of Peter I, who generated competition with the European states in such areas as: trade, military business and shipbuilding.
After the collapse of the USSR the Post-Soviet republics had to build foreign policy connections actually from scratch. First of all the young states sought to establish the relations with the most developed countries. In the article are shown the main directions of economic cooperation of the Federative Republic of Germany and Republic of Belarus at the turn of the XX-XXI centuries. Germany having the most developed industrial base in the European Union and RB which preserved the economic potential of the Soviet period, actively collaborated in the trade and economic sphere. It was important for Germany to learn the earlier closed market, and for RB to find the partner in Europe for promoting their production, attracting investments and technologies. The basis of the economic relations of the parties was formed by arrangements of the first half of the 1990th. Thus diplomatic interaction of two countries was complicated because of criticism by the leadership of Germany of an internal political course of Belarus. Economic cooperation had asymmetric character that was reflection of specifics of economic development of two countries. Germany delivered to Belarus high degree products of processing, and in exchange received semi-finished products and resources which went, including transit from Russia. The German firms succeeded in questions of investment cooperation and in formation of joint ventures on the territory of Belarus. Opening the market, RB couldn't resist the companies from Germany. The balance of trade surplus was always in favor of Germany that also points to unequal character of the bilateral relations and to a set of problems which don't allow the Belarusian economy to compete with the German.
Various factors affect the socio-economic and socio-political situation in society. It largely determines the change in the level of social tension. Increasing the level of social tension to a critical level leads to the formation of protest moods in the community, which, logically, increases the probability of the various protests, such as: gathering signatures, rallies, demonstrations, pickets, hunger strikes, and others. Protest potential can lead to aggressive actions of certain groups of the population. The article deals with the study of a model of protest moods, the empirical basis of which is the change in the level of protest activity in the city of Krasnoyarsk in the last 6 years. As have shown results studies, a significant impact on protest activity of the population have regional factors. Environmental and personal safety factors affect a large extent, which can lead to self-organization of the population and the large-scale protests. The article presents the confirmation of the hypothesis that if the social and political factors do not directly affect the personal safety of the population, despite the crisis phenomena in the society, the level of protest moods in the region could be stable and remain at a low level.
The article substantiates the mechanisms of the relationship and interdependence of the institutes of private collecting and art market. The author analyses the peculiarities of mutual congruence and interaction of the art market and private collecting areas. Private collecting can also act as a form of consumption of cultural artifacts (material and symbolic), circulating within the art market as well as the method of their accumulation, saving, managing, promoting and communication. The author investigates the concept and principles of the existence of the modern art market and reveals multiple aspects of its essence as an economic and socio-cultural phenomenon, "the market of symbolic values", specific mechanism, through which the art reaches the consumer, and also controls the distribution of cultural artifacts in a society. The author analyzes the notion and essential features of private collecting as the social and cultural phenomenon and identifies the principles of private collection functioning. The system of interaction of the modern art market and the private collecting in the field of the art culture is highlighted in the article, within the framework of its values. At the same time both – the modern domestic art market and private collecting are involved in the strategy of the preservation of cultural heritage and cultural values, aimed at the global socio-cultural result of their introduction into the living space of modern society. The author argues that the institution of private collecting is one of the most significant factors in the development of the modern art market in the contexts of consumption, conservation, trade, systematization and interpretation of cultural artifacts, especially objects of art.
The subject of this article is the role of philosophy in the history from Antiquity till nowadays. Namely in Ancient Greece the idea of the omnipotence of speculative knowledge appears, which has found its particularly strong expression in Pythagorean doctrine. The idea of omnipotence belongs is common to great researchers who are prone to unjustified extension of the scope of their methods. In particular the harm caused to the scientific knowledge of Plato is analyzed. The success of science has brought to life the fantastic philosophy of rationalism, and this science was undoubtedly the Greek geometry. Under the influence of Plato and of Euclidean geometry theology arises in the Middle ages. Only in the eighteenth century science in our sense has become the catalyst of progress. The crucial role was played by Newton, who, by establishing differential and integral calculus, had substantiated the philosophy of empiricism, and had secure its historic victory. Communism as well as fascism grew out of the so-called "German classical philosophy", which was the continuation of the medieval philosophy of rationalism. Yet scientists, unlike priests of the past, do not undertake the attempt to build the unified worldview. The appearance of the objective science was a rejection of important types of previous knowledge. At the same time the humanistic weltanschauung of the New age stands in accordance with science and ready to take her new discoveries. It opens up the creative freedom to shape the future of humankind.
This article focuses on the causes of inflation emergence in Russia and the factors causing its growth and decline. The inflationary process in Russia can have a dual effect, as in any other country. If inflation grows without any control then it can lead to economic chaos. On the other hand, if the inflation is under control, it may intensify the economic state of the market. Every country uses its own methods of money circulation regulation. Russia also uses special methods to influence the inflationary process at the current moment. These methods are based on the instruments of monetary policy.
«SPLENDOUR AND MISERY» OF QUANTITATIVE INDICATORS OF ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS AND STAFF PERFORMANCE (CASE STUDY OF THE STATE PUBLIC SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL LIBRARY OF THE SIBERIAN BRANCH OF THE RAS)I.A. Guzner, S.S. Guzner, Olga Lavrik
The article describes the statistical systems which are used by SPSTL SB RAS as an academic institution of Russia (ACS RID, ISGZ.acnet, RISC, Scopus, Web of Science) and as a library (6NK, departmental reporting). We describe the inconsistencies and problems of duplication in the analysis of data produced and received. The article shows which quantitative data can be used for actual qualitative characteristics of academic and other activities of the library and its staff.
The author analyzes culture as a factor that facilitates a solution to the management problem in conditions of transforming Russian society. Management culture is considered as a part of the general social culture that has impact on the subjects of management interaction. It is demonstrated that the management culture should be focused on two main objectives: first, to identify the key personality traits of employees demanded by the innovative economy. Second, to identify the capabilities of management culture to form an employee that is competitive in new environment. The article analyzes the list of social qualities which an employee should possess in conditions of innovative economy. It considers contradictions between demands made by modern social-economic conditions and leader’s views about the complex of professional and personal qualities that are required to manage and control the structure of organization. The author examines such basic criteria of high management culture of modern employee as knowledge of scientific and organizational management bases, ability to make autonomous decisions and realize them in activity, ability to make effective use of scientific management tools, efficiency, and discipline. Based on the data of sociological research the author comes to a conclusion about non-compliance of the national management culture to the demands of innovative economy. The author substantiates a set of conditions that should be met for the optimization of social management.
In the interview some problems are discussed regarding the present situation in the system of higher education. The recent trends are considered as well as the values which are implemented in the framework of educational programs. The comparative evaluation of students in the Anglo-Saxon and Russian universities is presented, and the higher independence and self-sufficiency of English students is stated. It is also observed what is happening with the system of education in the process of transition from public funding to private one, and how this is affecting the students’ approaches to education. Particularly the role of business in education is discussed, how the interaction has to be organized, and what is the relationship between the acquired specialty and the future career of the graduate. The pros and cons of distance learning are observes, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of broad and narrow education.